The Scottish Invention of America, Democracy & Human Rights

The book, The Scottish Invention of America, Democracy & Human Rights, is a revolutionary work not only for its explanation of the origin of democracy but, also, for its explanation of the radicalism of the American Revolution. Scotus’s theory as expressed in the Scottish Declaration of Independence of 1320 was the intellectual foundation of the American Revolution and the Declaration of Independence of 1776. The democratic revolution that began in Celtic Europe and Scotland was the mightiest revolution in the history of the world.
The book’s uniqueness is found in its panoramic view of the history of freedom & human rights from 1300BC to 2004AD. The authors trace the philosophy and fight for freedom from the ancient Celts to the medieval Scots to the Scottish Enlightenment to the creation of America to the modern human rights struggle. The book also locates the origin of human rights not in Locke, but in the ancient Celts and the Irish-Scottish human rights treaty, Cain Adomnain, The Law of Innocents, 697 AD.

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Dr. Alexander Leslie Klieforth was born into an American diplomatic family and hence spent most of his school years in Europe. He received his B.A. and LL.D. degrees from St. Norbert College in Wisconsin, his M.A. from the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy, advanced study at the University of Geneva, Switzerland, Louvain, Belgium and doctoral work at George Washington University in Washington, D.C. In the U.S. Army during World War II, he was assigned to the Office of Strategic Services’ secret intelligence in Europe, and seconded to the British 21st Army Group. He was on duty with the U.S. Air Force during the Korean War. From 1946-49 he was on the staff of the School of Advanced International Studies in Washington, D.C. It was during this time that he began his study of and research in Scottish history, which later led to the publication of a book, articles and lectures on the subject. As a professional American diplomat, he was stationed in Washington, D.C., Europe, Asia and Latin America and on special assignments in the Middle East and Africa. He and his wife, Gloria, reside in San Diego, California.

Dr. Robert John Munro is a University Law Librarian and Co-Director of CIFCS at the College of Law of the University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida. He is also a Senior Research Fellow and Director of Research for North America of CIDOEC at Jesus College, Cambridge University. He holds Masters Degrees from the University of Iowa (1973) and Louisiana State University (1974), a Juris Doctor from the College of Law of the University of Iowa (1973) and a Ph.D. from the University of Florida (1981). He has done further graduate studies at Cambridge University, Oxford University and the Institute of Advanced Legal Studies of the University of London (1994). He is the author of nineteen published books. He and his wife, Louise, reside in Gainesville, Florida.

Dr Munro is the Secretary of The Caledonian Foundation USA, Inc., a Member Group of CASSOC, and a member of Clan Munro Association, USA.

 To order a copy of the book, The Scottish Invention of America, Democracy & Human Rights from the publisher, University Press of America, at a 15% discount, please go to the publisher’s website of You can also purchase the book at or other websites of book distributors.


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